Beliefs, experiences and behaviors during diagnosis and treatment of COPD in rural India: A large single center prospective, observational study of 6000 cases in tertiary care setting
Beliefs, experiences and behaviors during diagnosis and treatment of COPD
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Background: COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality due to chronic respiratory illness in India. More than half of COPD patients were not getting adequate rationale inhalation treatment in primary to tertiary care setting.
Methods Prospective, observational, interview (questionnaire) based complete workup COPD study conducted during June 2016 to June 2019 in Pulmonary medicine, Venkatesh chest hospital, & MIMSR Medical College, Latur screened 12000 cases with chronic respiratory symptoms with cough, sputum production and shortness of breath and all cases were undergone spirometry and 6000 COPD cases were enrolled. In this study we assessed disease knowledge, methods of treatment offered to all patients before enrollment by applying questionnaire. Statistical analysis was done using single proportion test (chi test).
Observation and analysis: We have observed 3% study cases were aware about their illness ‘COPD disease’, 54% are not knowing the disease or not counseled for COPD disease ever before and 43 % cases are not convinced as they are having COPD (categorized as ‘difficult patient’) (p<0.0001). Inhalation treatment was offered in only 58% COPD cases, levosalbutamol monotherapy in 31% cases, levosalbutamol plus beclometasone in 18% cases, and formoterol plus budesonide or salmeterol plus fluticasone only in 9% COPD cases (p<0.0001), later being categorized as ‘difficult treatment’ being costlier than former ones. We also observed irrational and exuberant use of oral medicines in 42% COPD cases, theophylline in 16% cases, salbutamol in 7% cases, oral steroids in 19% cases and these medicines preferred by treating doctors over inhalation treatment in spite of knowledge of inhalation treatment and categorized as ‘difficult doctor’ (p<0.0001)
Conclusion: COPD is less efficiently evaluated and halfheartedly treated in rural setting, and more emphasis to be given to spirometry trainings for proper diagnosis and awareness regarding advantages of inhalation treatment over oral medicines.
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